Going through life without having to borrow money is almost impossible, even if you’re relatively stable, financially. Most people need to borrow money for a home in the form of a mortgage, borrow funds for post-secondary education, and take out loans for other life expenses like cars, dental work, renovations… anything! Depending on the province in which you reside, you are subject to different interest rates on your loans, as well as rules and guidelines. Every province has their own set of borrowing laws, particularly for payday loans and personal loans.
Payday Loan Laws By Province
For each point provide some details regarding it – What is it, how it works, what the max and min penalty, interest rate etc.
|Province||Max cost per $100 borrowed (Max Interest Rate)||Max Penalty for Returned Cheque||Cooling Off Period||Loan Rollover|
|Ontario||$15||n/a||2 business days||Not allowed|
|British Columbia||$15||$20||2 business days||Not allowed|
|Alberta||$15||$25||2 business days||Not allowed|
|Manitoba||$17||$20||48 hours (not including Sundays and holidays)||Allowed|
|Saskatchewan||$17||$25||Next business day||Not allowed|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||$21||$20||2 business days||Allowed|
|Nova Scotia||$19||$40 (default penalty)||Next business day (or 2 days for online loans)||Not allowed|
|New Brunswick||$15||$20||48 hours (not including Sundays and holidays)||Not allowed|
|Prince Edward Island||$25||n/a||2 business days||Allowed|
Payday Loan Interest Rates
Interest rates on payday loans are exorbitantly high, with some amounting to 500-600%. Although most provinces have caps on interest rates, experts recommend that you explore every other option available to you before you consider a payday loan. For example, Ontario has a cap of $15 while P.E.I has a cap of $25 per $100 borrowed. If you borrowed $300 with a 14 day term, that would equal to an APR of 391.07% and 651.79% respectively.
Maximum Penalty For a Returned Cheque or Pre-authorized Debit
If you are unable to make a payment on your loan, lenders will usually charge you a fee. Depending on your province of residence, these fees range anywhere between $20-$50. Some areas, like the territories, for example, have unregulated fees. This makes it likely that the fee will be extremely high.
A cooling-off period is the amount of time you have to change your mind on the loan you’ve just obtained. Similar to Air Canada’s 24-hour free cancellation policy, a payday loan’s cooling-off period allows you to cancel the loan without any fee or penalty. This period usually ranges between 1-2 days. It’s important that you ask your lender what the loan’s cooling-off period is before you sign anything. Most provinces have laws that protect your right to cancel a loan within the cooling-off period.
Learn more about your rights and responsibilities as a borrower.
A loan rollover refers to a lender extending or renewing your loan, or giving borrowers a second loan to pay off an initial loan. Renewing a loan often costs more, as lenders charge borrowers an extra fee. Many provinces, particularly Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Quebec, have laws prohibiting a lender from rolling over a loan.
Payment of a Payday Loan
While borrowers can pay back their loans through varying methods, including e-transfers, cash, and cheque, some borrowers might transfer their wages directly to the lender. To do this, a lender will usually require you to sign a contract outlining your permission to have them obtain their payments through direct wage transfer. This practice of having wages directly transferred to the lender is prohibited in the following provinces: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan
What does it mean when your lender asks to connect your bank account.
Payday Loans in Quebec
In Quebec, lenders cannot charge more than 35% annually in interest on payday loans. This interest rate is similar to what you would pay for a credit card cash advance. Despite this being law, there are many online and unregulated lenders in Quebec offering illegal interest rates higher than 35%. Although the government is actively trying to crack down on these lenders, the online platform makes it difficult for authorities to take action. In Quebec, it’s paramount to know their payday loan regulations to avoid being scammed by illegal lenders.
What’s The Worst Province to Borrow in?
So given each province’s unique restrictions and maximum rates and penalties, you might find some provinces better or worse to borrow in.
If you’re looking at roll-over laws as a factor, the worst provinces to borrow in are Manitoba, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia.
If you’re looking at flexibility in cancellation outlined by cooling-off periods, the worst provinces to borrow in are Saskatchewan above all, then Manitoba and New Brunswick.
If you’re concerned about maximum penalties for returned cheques, the worst province to borrow in is Prince Edward Island, followed by Newfoundland and Labrador.
Which Province has the highest cost of borrowing in Canada?
Should I get a payday loan?
Can I get a Payday Loan in Quebec?
Borrowing is often vital to keeping up with life’s expenses. If you find yourself in a position where you have to take out a payday loan, make sure you’re up-to-date on your province’s regulations and laws surrounding these loans. Do your research so that you don’t fall into the trap of an unlicensed and illegal payday lender.
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