*This post was created in collaboration with Mortgage Maestro.
With home prices through the roof and mortgage interest rates continuing to peak, Canadian homebuyers are choosing to stay on the sidelines and wait for a more affordable time to buy. In the meantime, current homeowners are at an increased risk of facing mortgage defaults. This is due to hefty interest rates and inflation.
Let’s take a look at today’s housing and economic climate, how it’s affecting Canadian homeowners, and what Canadians can do if mortgage payments become too much to handle.
Why Do Canadian Banks Expect A Wave Of Loan And Mortgage Delinquencies?
Given the current housing affordability crisis, banks across Canada are anticipating a slew of loan defaults. The following factors are playing key roles.
Effect Of Interest Rates Hikes On Loan Delinquencies
Just over the past year, mortgage interest rates have skyrocketed, making mortgages much more expensive than they were only a few months ago. In January 2022, rates were sitting at around 2.45%, the lowest they’ve been in about 10 years.
At that rate, a $400,000 mortgage on a 25-year amortization period and 5-year term would come to monthly payments of $1,784. But at today’s rate of 6.49%, that same mortgage could push payments up to $2,698 per month. That’s $914 more each month, or $10,968 extra per year that Canadian homeowners are paying.
The Bank of Canada increased rates so aggressively over the past year. In 2022 alone, rates increased by 400 basis points or 4 percentage points.
As a result, homeowners with outstanding loans are facing much higher housing costs. And when it comes time to renew their mortgages, many may find themselves in a vulnerable situation and may be at risk of losing their homes.
More Canadians And Business Have Filed For Insolvency
Canadians holding a lot of debt are at an increased risk of filing for bankruptcy. With higher interest rates causing debt-servicing costs to spike, many Canadians with outstanding loans may find themselves unable to keep up with payments.
In January 2023, the number of insolvency filings among both consumers and businesses was 13.5% higher than the month before and 33.7% higher compared to the same month in 2022, according to the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy (OSB). Most notable were business insolvencies, which increased a whopping 55.4% year-over-year.
Businesses struggled immensely during the pandemic, and those that were able to survive took advantage of government-provided stimulus packages. However, as these payouts have stopped, many businesses that were just hanging by a thread are now no longer able to keep up with operating expenses and have resorted to insolvency.
The recent health crisis wreaked havoc on the labour market in Canada. As the pandemic came full throttle, the unemployment rate soared to 13% in April 2020 as businesses shuttered. Millions of jobs were lost throughout the crisis, which had a devastating effect on Canadian households.
That said, the Canadian labour market is relatively healthy, given the recent pandemic and the looming recession. In January, 150,000 jobs were added and the unemployment rate sat at 5%, a near-record low. However, experts worry that this low unemployment rate cannot be sustained, particularly as efforts are made to lower inflation back to the Bank of Canada’s rate target of 2%.
How To Avoid Loan Delinquencies Amid The Rise In Inflation And Debt-Service Costs
If you’re finding it financially difficult to keep up with all your bill payments, you may be at risk of defaulting on your personal loans or mortgage. Fortunately, there are some steps you can take to avoid loan delinquencies on your loans:
Use Your Home Equity To Consolidate Debt And Avoid Delinquencies
If your home has increased in value since you first bought it, you may have enough equity to take out a home equity loan or a home equity line of credit (HELOC). You can then use that money to help pay your bills and avoid defaulting on your loans.
Or, you may take out enough equity to consolidate your debt. Home equity loans are secured by the home so it often has low rates. This makes it a great option for consolidating high-interest debt like credit card debt. This will leave you with one lower-rate bill to manage every month, saving you time and money.
Where Can You Get A Home Equity Loan?
You can access your home equity by applying with any major bank in Canada. However, you’ll generally require good credit and finances to qualify. If your credit or finances aren’t in the best shape, consider using a mortgage broker like Mortgage Maestro. They’ll help you find lenders willing to work with you based on your current financial situation.
Moreover, whether you want to tap into your home equity, refinance your mortgage or purchase a home, Mortgage Maestro can find you the best rates,
Avoid Delinquencies By Deferring Your Loan Payment
If you’re having trouble keeping up with your mortgage payments, consider calling your lender and asking them to have your loan payments deferred. By taking a month off of paying your mortgage, you can use that money to put towards your next bill payments.
Skipping a month’s payment will have no effect on your credit score and can give you a quick break from your bills to help you catch up and improve your cash flow situation.
Call Your Bank To Reduce Payments And Avoid Delinquencies
You may have been comfortable with your current mortgage payments when you first took out your mortgage, but maybe today is a different story. Perhaps you chose higher payments when you bought your home when rates were super low. But with rates as high as they are today, your mortgage payments may be much higher, especially if you opted for a variable-rate mortgage.
Or, perhaps your income situation is simply no longer sufficient to comfortably cover your mortgage payments. Whatever the case may be, you can speak with your lender to see if it’s possible to have your payments reduced. This can be done by extending the loan term or refinancing your mortgage with a lower interest rate, which you may qualify for if your credit score has improved.
Why Canadian Borrowers Have Slowed Down With Mortgages?
Canadians aren’t applying for mortgages as much as they may have in recent years. Fewer homebuyer hopefuls are taking the plunge into homeownership as soaring home prices and interest rates continue to get in the way.
Right now, the average price for a home in Canada is $686,371, according to the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA). Mortgage rates have also reached their peak. The latest posted rates offered by Canada’s six major chartered banks sit at 6.49% for 5-year fixed-rate mortgages.
These kinds of numbers are making it nearly impossible for many Canadians to get into the real estate market. And the situation is even more dire in more expensive markets like Vancouver and Toronto. Here the average home prices are well over the $1 million mark.
Recent data shows the value of new mortgage funds dropped $20.7 billion in January. This marked a decline of 16.1% from the month before and a whopping 41% drop from January 2022. This is the sharpest decline seen in the past decade.
Rising interest rates, expensive home prices, and the pressure of inflation have created an ongoing housing affordability crisis that is putting many Canadians at risk of mortgage defaults. If you’re a homeowner who’s having trouble keeping up with your loan payments, reach out to your lender to find out what your options are, or consider tapping into your home equity to ensure your bills are paid until your financial situation improves.