What Is Direct Compensation Property Damage (DCPD)?

What Is Direct Compensation Property Damage (DCPD)?

Written by Lisa Rennie
Fact-checked by Caitlin Wood
Last Updated August 18, 2021

If you drive a car on Canadian roadways, you’ll need an auto insurance policy to accompany you. It’s against the law not to have a policy in place. But even if it wasn’t mandatory, car insurance can prove to be very helpful if you’re ever involved in a car accident, as paying for damages — as well as any potential litigation — can be very expensive. 

Depending on where you live in Canada, you may have access to direct compensation property damage (DCPD) insurance, which comes standard with a conventional car insurance policy. Let’s go into a little more detail about what DCPD is and what it covers.

What Is Direct Compensation Property Damage (DCPD)?

DCPD is a type of auto insurance policy in which the insurance provider pays to have a damaged vehicle repaired after an accident, regardless of who is at fault. As such, it’s part of the ‘no-fault’ insurance system and comes standard on all auto insurance policies in specific provinces, including Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and PEI. 

What’s Covered? 

In the event of an accident, DCPD will kick in to provide coverage for damage done to your vehicle. There’s usually no deductible required to have repairs to your vehicle done. 

What’s Not Covered? 

Repairs are not covered in every type of incident with DCPD. For instance, if you’re involved in a hit-and-run, DCPD will not provide coverage. For this type of incident, collision insurance will be required to receive any coverage for damage done. 

How Does DCPD Work? 

DCPD insurance offers financial compensation if you are injured or if your vehicle is damaged in a car accident that was not your fault. It is named as such because you deal directly with your insurance provider; thus, the entire claim process can be expedited as a result. 

There’s no need to wait for the other motorist’s insurance company to decide how to proceed with the claim. And you won’t have to take the at-fault driver to court to recoup any damages. Instead, you’ll be compensated directly.

If you’re looking to save on insurance, try bundling your home and auto policies

How Does DCPD Work With Car Insurance?

An auto insurance policy is mandatory in Canada, with certain components that are part of a standard policy, and others that can be added on for additional coverage. 

Mandatory auto insurance in a no-fault insurance system includes the following:

  • Third-party liability insurance. This type of insurance provides coverage if you injure someone else or damage their property. It covers the cost of the injured party’s medical bills, repairs to their vehicle and any other damaged property, and funeral expenses. 
  • Accident benefits insurance. The accident benefits portion of an auto insurance policy offers financial compensation if you, one of the passengers in your vehicle, or a pedestrian is injured in a car accident, no matter who is at fault. It covers the cost of medical treatment, lost income, and other required services. 
  • Uninsured motorist insurance. This type of coverage provides protection against any injuries suffered by you or other passengers in a car accident caused by an uninsured driver. It may also pay for repairs to your damaged vehicle, as long as the uninsured driver can be identified. 
  • Direct compensation property damage (DCPD) insurance. As mentioned above, DCPD involves working directly with your insurance provider who will pay for repairs to your damaged vehicle after an accident, no matter who is at fault for the incident. 

DCPD Vs Standard Coverage

How does coverage compare between DCPD and a standard auto insurance policy? More specifically, how are you covered under each policy based on whether or not you’re at fault for an accident? The following chart will compare the two when it comes to coverage:

DCPDStandard Insurance
You’re at faultNo coverageCovered
You’re not at faultCoveredCovered

Collision Insurance And DCPD

Collision insurance isn’t required by law. But it can come in very handy if you’re ever in a car accident if your car or another driver’s car is damaged. In some cases, the lender providing the car loan may require collision coverage. 

If a car accident is not entirely one driver’s fault, the blame can be financially split accordingly. For instance, an accident that was caused by the negligence of both driver’s coverage can be divided based on the share of blame. If it’s determined that you and the other driver are both 50% at fault, then half of the damage done to your car could be covered by DCPD, while the other half would fall under your collision policy, if you have one. 

It can be tough to determine whether or not you’re covered in the event of a collision, particularly if you’re at fault. The following chart outlines if you are covered or not depending on who’s at fault and if you have collision coverage:

With Collision InsuranceWithout Collision Insurance
You’re at faultCoveredNo coverage
You’re not at faultCoveredCovered

What Happens When You Make A Claim? 

If you’re ever involved in an accident, regardless of whose fault it is, you’ll want to file a claim right away. Of course, if someone has been hurt, police and paramedics should be called first. But a call to your insurance claims department should be made shortly after. If you wait too long to file a claim, you may not be entitled to your policy’s available coverage. 

Be sure to take photos to document the damage to your car to help your insurance company more accurately assess your claim and how much coverage to provide. Don’t take your car into a body shop until the damage has been fully documented; otherwise, your insurance provider won’t be able to assess the damage done to your vehicle if the repair process has already begun.

Once you file a claim, a claims adjuster will review your file. You may be asked to fill out a proof of loss form which verifies the claim. The form requires details of the damage to your car and the expected cost to either fix or replace your vehicle. If your claim is approved, you’ll be paid out the applicable compensation amount shortly after.

Find out how you can save money on your car insurance

Direct Compensation Property Damage FAQs

Is DCPD available to all canadians?

DCPD is currently available to Canadians who live in Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and PEI.

Are all not-at-fault accidents covered under DCPD?

No. While DCPD is meant to provide coverage only if you are not at fault in an incident, that doesn’t mean all not-at-fault situations apply. More specifically, hit-and-runs are not covered under DCPD. Instead, an incident like this would be covered by a collision policy, if one exists. 

Can I customize my DCPD coverage?

No. DCPD is considered a standard component of an auto insurance policy. If you want more comprehensive coverage, then collision insurance is recommended. 

Is there a DCPD deductible?

No. DCPD does not require a deductible to be paid before the insurance policy kicks in. Instead, you’ll deal directly with your insurer who will pay out for any damage done, if you’re not at fault. 

Final Thoughts

If you’re involved in an accident that’s not your fault, you may be able to seek financial compensation through DCPD insurance. However, any at-fault incidents will not be covered under DCPD. In this case, you may want to consider adding collision coverage to your policy.


Rating of 3/5 based on 2 votes.

Lisa has been working as a writer for more than a decade, creating unique content that helps to educate Canadian consumers in the realms of real estate, mortgages, investing and financial health. For years, she held her real estate license in Toronto, Ontario before giving it up to pursue writing within this realm and related niches. Lisa is very serious about smart money management and helping others do the same. She's used a variety of financial tools over the years and is currently growing her money with Wealthsimple, while stashing some capital in a liquid high-interest savings account so that she always has a financial cushion to fall back on. She's also been avidly using her Aeroplan TD credit card to collect as many Aeroplan points as possible to put towards her travels!

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